n

H_{0} : β_{3} = 0

H_{0} : α_{7} = 0



Twostepmodels

Mixed models



OLR (21) †

AQTDT_{
M
} (22)

QBATI

OLMM (23)

ALMM (24)



HP

SP

HP

SP

HP

SP

HP

SP

HP

SP


100

0.147



0.094

0.098

0.091

0.080

0.234



0.155

0.116

200

0.282



0.172

0.138

0.156

0.134

0.452



0.267

0.186

300

0.386



0.220

0.188

0.195

0.172

0.607



0.347

0.242

400

0.495



0.289

0.251

0.256

0.216

0.731



0.450

0.301

500

0.589



0.338

0.290

0.299

0.226

0.820



0.515

0.363

600

0.688



0.401

0.340

0.358

0.304

0.889



0.620

0.414

1000

0.875



0.604

0.503

0.561

0.465

0.978



0.794

0.618

 OLR, ordinary linear regression; OLMM, ordinary linear mixed model; ALMM, adjusted linear mixed model; AQTDT_{M}, adjusted quantitative transmission disequilibrium test with mating type indicators